Understanding Depression: Millions of people worldwide are affected by the common but complex mental health disorder known as depression. It’s a medical problem that can have a negative impact on a human’s life, relationships, and overall well-being; it’s more than just a feeling of sorrow or a poor day. We will examine at the types, symptoms, and causes of depression in this article, as well as how to really get support and make improvements in our lives.

Causes of Depression

Understanding Depression

this common but complex mental health disorder known as depression can be caused by a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Let’s dive into each of these contributing factors:

Biological Factors

Depression may happen for a multiple of causes, include genetics, brain chemistry, and hormone abnormalities. For instance, people with a history of depression in their families may be more likely to get the disease themselves. In context, neurotransmitter imbalances, which alter atmosphere molecules, can cause sadness.

Environmental Factors

Tragedy in our life like loss of the loved one, Financial issues dealing with struggling in daily matters of life or any major break through in our life for which we are currently not ready or mentally prepared trigger the disorder known as depression . Further, prevailing stress and frequent exposure to trauma can also increase the risk of developing conditions.

Psychological Factors

Lower Self Esteem, negative thinking and too much thinking about the future , or not doing the particular action towards a problem can increase susceptibility of the person towards depression many folds. Further, if emotional issues remain unsolved , it can also contribute towards the development of such issue.

Symptoms of Depression

Understanding Depression

Manifestation of depression can occur in various physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms and it may changes frequently time to time and difficult to observe if remain un attended for longer period of time . Here are some of the most common symptoms:

Emotional Symptoms

  • Frustration without any particular reason
  • loss of interest in all the activities
  • feeling of guilt and sense of uselessness
  • unable to make decision which may impact your quality of life.
  • Remain sad, empty and hapless for longer period of time without knowing any reason
  • More often having suicidal thoughts

Physical Symptoms

  • fatigue or a reduction in energy
  • excessively sleeping or insomnia
  • Changes in appetite, weight gain or loss
  • Unaccounted-for aches and discomfort
  • lethargic speech or motion

Behavioral Symptoms

  • Social confinement or disengagement
  • disrespect in one’s appearance and personal hygiene
  • reduced performance at work or school
  • acting in a dangerous or harmful manner

Types of Depression

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Chronic melancholy and a lack of enthusiasm in routine activities are two important characteristics of major depressive disorder, sometimes known to as clinical depression. One has to exhibit at least five of the above symptoms for two weeks or longer in order to be diagnosed with MDD.

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Depression that persists for a minimum of two years is referred to as persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia. Broadly speaking, PDD is less severe than MDD, but it can still have a negative impact on a person’s standard of living. When compared to people with MDD, people with PDD may have less or mild symptoms.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder, previously called manic depression, is a mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania or hypomania. While not a form of depression itself, the depressive episodes experienced in bipolar disorder can be similar to those of MDD or PDD

Seeking Help for Depression

If you suspect you or a loved one is experiencing depression, it’s crucial to seek help. Here are some steps to take:

Professional Help

If you have observed any of the above mentioned issues , Seek professional help from Psychologist, therapist so that proper diagnosis can take place and it will help automatically for proper treatment strategy .

Lifestyle Changes.

No doubt, changing your life style can play a vital role in improving your body gesture, hormonals influence which lead to decrease in stress level in your body. By changing your sedentary habit, the level of depression can be reduce to many fold . These may include balanced diet, sleep, regular exercise, Meditation and mindfulness practices .

Support Networks

In case , you have feeling of depression, the right way is to talk, talk and talk with your family, friends or support group around you. These activities help you to reduce your level of depression and provide encouragement during difficult times.